When an adult or a teenager is detected with cancer, the parents are under a whirlwind of emotions and despair. Why their child? This question haunts them every day. What looms over is the worry of their child’s future to lead a normal life, to be able to have a family life. For young adults, their future ambitions and dreams to have a life partner and children seem to be jeopardised. However, modern science has now reached a step ahead of curative procedures to ensure that the cancer survivors can rehabilitate back to normal life. This is possible through Fertility Preservation
What is fertility preservation?s is a process of saving eggs, sperm or reproductive tissue from a person so that he or she can use it to bear biological children in future. It is an effort to help cancer survivors retain their ability to procreate. The parents of child or adult patient are focused on the treatment and hence may not be aware that such an option exists. In the case of teenagers or elder children, parents sometimes are not comfortable discussing fertility and prospect of children in future. Understanding the options for fertility preservation and taking the right guidance can assure a better quality of life for the cancer survivors.
How does cancer affect fertility? a person is diagnosed with cancer, it is important to understand the nature of treatment, the intensity and its impact on fertility. Chemotherapy and radiations tend to damage sperms in males. In females, high-intensity radiations and strong medicines can affect the eggs, hormones or the ovaries and uterus. The effect of cancer treatment depends on the nature and level of cancer. Some treatment might involve removal of uterus and/or ovaries in females or testis in males. The treatment can harm the fertility or render the patient temporarily or permanently sterile. Women at times cease to ovulate for a few months post-treatment.